Dr. Armin Krishnan

Security Studies Seal

Short Bio

  • MA in Political Science, Sociology, and Philosophy, University of Munich (2001)
  • MA in Intelligence and International Relations, Salford University, UK (2004)
  • PhD Security Studies Salford University, UK (2006)
  • Visiting Assistant Professor for Security Studies University of Texas at El Paso (2009-2013)
  • Assistant Professor for Security Studies, East Carolina University (2013-present)
  • Director of the Security Studies Program (2016-present)


  • Privatization of warfare
  • Military technology and military ethics
  • Intelligence and covert action


  • SECS 6080 – American Foreign Relations
  • SECS 6260 – Intelligence and National Security
  • SECS 6270 – Intelligence Analysis
  • SECS 6320 – Cyber Warfare and Security
  • SECS 6330 – Covert Action & Hybrid Warfare
  • SECS 6350 – Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • SECS 6380 – The Art of Statecraft and International Security
  • POLS 2020 – Introduction to International Relations
  • POLS 3144 – American Foreign Policy
  • POLS 3180 – The U.S. Intelligence Community
  • POLS 3233 – Visegrad in the 21st Century


  • (2024) Krishnan, A. Fifth Generation Warfare: Dominating the Human Domain, London: Routledge.
  • (2023) Krishnan, “Havana Syndrome: A Case of Fifth Generation Warfare,” Global Security & Intelligence Studies 8 (1): 83-110.
  • (2022) Krishnan, “Fifth Generation Warfare, Hybrid Warfare, and Gray Zone Conflict: A Comparison,” Journal of Strategic Security 15 (4).
  • (2021) Krishnan, A. “Enforced Transparency: A Solution to Autonomous Weapons as Potentially Uncontrollable Weapons Similar to Bioweapons.” In: Jai Galliott, Duncan McIntosh, and Jens David Ohlin (eds.), Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 219-236.
  • (2020) Krishnan, A. “Blockchain Empowers Social Resistance and Terrorism Through Decentralized Autonomous Organizations.” Journal of Strategic Security 13 (1): 41-58.
  • (2019) Krishnan, A. “The Neglected Dimension of Ideology in Russia’s Political Warfare Against the West.” Global Security & Intelligence Studies 4 (2): 25-46.
  • (2019) Krishnan, A. “Controlling Partners and Proxies in Pro-Insurgency Paramilitary Operations: The Case of Syria.” Intelligence and National Security 34 (4): 544-560.
  • (2018) Krishnan, A. Why Paramilitary Operations Fail, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN: 978-3-319-71630-5.
  • (2016) Krishnan, A. Military Neuroscience and Neurowarfare, New York: Routledge, ISBN: 978-1-4724-7391-2.
  • (2016) Krishnan, A. “The Attack on the Brain: Neurowars and Neurowarfare,” Space and Defense 9 (1).
  • (2015) Krishnan, A. “Enhanced Warfighters as Private Military Contractors,” in: Jai Galliott (ed.), Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications, Farnham, UK: Ashgate.
  • (2015) Krishnan, A. “Seizing the High Ground: The Dubious Utility of Space Weapons,” in: Jai Galliott (ed.), Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy, and Governance, Farnham, UK: Ashgate.
  • (2015) Krishnan, A. “Mass Surveillance, Drones, and Unconventional Warfare,” Behemoth: A Journal of Civilisation 8 (2): 12-33.
  • (2015) Krishnan, A. “Promoting Democracy Through Covert Action? New Cyber Tools for Intervention,” Journal for Intelligence, Propaganda and Security Studies 9 (1): 106-120.
  • (2013) Krishnan, A. “Teaching About ‘Area 51’? How to Cover Secret Government Technology and Capabilities in Intelligence Studies Courses,” Journal of Strategic Security 6:5, pp. 187-196.
  • (2013) Krishnan, A. “Targeting Individuals: Overcoming the Dilemmas of Secrecy,” (2013) “Dead on Target? The Strategic Dead End of Targeted Killing as a Way of War,” in: Michael Aaronson and Adrian Johnson, Hitting the Target? How New Capabilities Are Shaping International Intervention, Whitehall Report 2-13 (RUSI), pp. 89-96.
  • (2012) Krishnan, A. Gezielte Tötung: Die Zukunft des Krieges [Targeted Killing: The Future of War], Berlin: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag, ISBN: 3882215682.
  • (2011) Krishnan, A. “U.S. Intelligence Outsourcing and Its Future,” Brown Journal in World Affairs 18 (1): 195-211.
  • (2011) Krishnan, A. “UVs, Network-centric Operations, and the Challenge for Arms Control,” Journal of Law, Information & Science Special Edition on Unmanned Vehicles, 61-73.
  • (2009) Krishnan, A. Killer Robots: The Legality and Ethicality of Autonomous Weapons, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, ISBN: 9780754677260.
  • (2009) Krishnan, A. “Five Strategies for Practising Interdisciplinarity,” National Centre for Research Methods Working Paper published online.
  • (2009) Krishnan, A. “What Are Academic Disciplines? Some Observations on the Disciplinarity vs. Interdisciplinarity Debate,” National Centre for Research Methods Working Paper published online.
  • (2009) Krishnan, A. “Automating War: The Need for Regulation,” Contemporary Security Policy 30 (1): 172-193.
  • (2008) Krishnan, A. War as Business: Technological Change and Military Services Contracting, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, ISBN: 0754671674.
  • (2005) Krishnan, A. “The Future of the Military Profession: The Impact of Privatisation and Technology on the Identity of the Armed Forces,” University of Salford ESRI Working Papers, ISBN: 1902496442.